Article - Umpiring::: Rules Clarifications information :: IMPORTANT - 2016
Umpiring::: Rules Clarifications information :: IMPORTANT - 2016
Aradhya Agarwal (


FYI email below from Ram.

These clarifications on our rules is passed on to our Umpires and they will be going through these while taking judgments in the upcoming matches going forward (That includes coming weekend matches as well). 

So please read them carefully so that any surprises on decisions can be avoided during match. Also ensure that as per our broadcasted email content from board-office, we must ensure that proper decorum should be maintained and any arguments must be avoided between players or umpires. so responsibility lies heavily on Captains. Board is very serious about these things this time and any violations may lead to forfeiting of the match and team loosing it,

Please see that we are expecting visitors, families, parents and kids so our behaviors on/off field will reflect heavily on our community. 

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Ram S 
Date: Fri, Jul 15, 2016 at 9:35 PM
Subject: Re: Umpiring

Hello Guys,
Here is a list of few rules i documented after going though ICC and MCC cricket laws that would apply to our current tournament as well. I I did this to bridge some gaps in the rules we have now and bring more clarity on decisions to make on field.


Please go through this, it seems big but as we are all well versed in the game, it is easy to skim through. Let me know if any questions

Adding Bhavesh, Vinay and Addy just to keep them in loop.
First Request-Please make sure to dress up in proper attire for the Semis and Finals that brings seriousness to the role we play in the game

In my opinion based on recent talks with few captains i feel this is the most important thing we were missing on field--Consultation between umpires
All disputes shall be determined by the umpires. The umpires shall consult with each other whenever necessary, before we make a decision let’s evaluate the situation & review the options. Most important is to be friendly with all players and be relaxed, dont let emotions overtake our smartness.

Introduce yourself, your partner and reacquaint prior to the match.Builds closeness and trust.

Positioning is important to give the perception and confidence to the players that the decision made is the correct one. It is an indicator of alertness, concentration, ability to read the game
Leg Umpire should Stand in line with the popping crease splitting your stance
When the keeper is standing up at the stumps, do not watch the bowler deliver the ball, keep your head still and watch the batsman’s back foot in relation to
the popping crease – listen for the breaking of the stumps on a stumping appeal.

Once the ball is hit - watch for catches carrying and batsmen crossing. Signal to partner if
required.Watch that ball is cleanly collected by keeper or fielder and ensure the stumps are only broken with hands/ball and not their foot or knees
Cross to off side if the sun or glare, or fielders in your line make the seeing conditions unsatisfactory.
For quick short runs, if the umpire cannot make it into position in time, then the best alternative is to stop, be still, have eyes level and make the judgement from a stationary position, rather than be on the move

Umpire miscounting- We could face this situation if the scoring team migh not inform us if in case we miscounted the balls and in case if in the extra ball wicket is lost there is a good chance they will argue. So here is the rule
a. If the umpire miscounts the number of valid balls, the over as counted by the umpire shall stand.
b. If, having miscounted, the umpire allows an over to continue after 6 valid balls have been bowled, he may
subsequently call Over as the ball becomes dead after any delivery, even if that delivery is not a valid ball          

Ball is dead- Dead ball section

a. The ball becomes dead when
i) it is finally settled in the hands of the wicket-keeper or of the bowler.
Ball finally settled-Whether the ball is finally settled or not is a matter for the umpire alone to decide.

Either umpire shall call and signal Dead ball when
i) he intervenes in a case of unfair play.
ii) a serious injury to a player or umpire occurs.
iii) he leaves his normal position for consultation.
iv) one or both bails fall from the striker’s wicket before the striker has had the opportunity of playing the ball.
v) the striker is not ready for the delivery of the ball and, if the ball is delivered, makes no attempt to play it. Provided the umpire is satisfied.

other thing i thought to mention was when a batsmen plays a ball and misses it and keeper/fielder collects the ball, batsmen has to let the leg umpire know he is walking out of crease to invalidate an stumping appeal unless the ball is dead. And only umpire will be the sole judge to signal a dead ball or if the ball is still in play.

No Ball-Section

Ball bouncing more than twice or rolling along the ground
The umpire shall call and signal No ball if a ball which he considers to have been delivered, without having previously
touched bat or person of the striker,
either (i) bounces more than twice
or (ii) rolls along the ground before it reaches the popping crease.
8. Ball coming to rest in front of striker’s wicket
If a ball delivered by the bowler comes to rest in front of the line of the striker’s wicket, without having previously touched
the bat or person of the striker, the umpire shall call and signal No ball and immediately call and signal Dead ball.
If a keeper moves front or back from his initial stance after bowler started his runup or in case of no run up his action then declare it as No Ball
If a fielder moves sideways like from point to gully or 2nd slip to 3rd slip, or short fine leg to square leg etc then declare it as no ball except for fielder taking inward steps

10. Revoking a call of No ball

An umpire shall revoke his call of No ball if the ball does not leave the bowler’s hand for any reason.

No ball to over-ride Wide

A call of No ball shall over-ride the call of Wide ball at any time. 

Ball not dead
The ball does not become dead on the call of No ball. which means here watch out for runouts or byes

Out from a No ball
When No ball has been called, neither batsman shall be out under any of the Laws except 33 (Handled the ball), 34 (Hit
the ball twice), 37 (Obstructing the field) or 38 (Run out).


Playing Condition (P/C) 25.1 Umpires need to balance the application of the Law and the Playing Condition.
A. Leg side
All deliveries directed and bowled down the leg side (behind the body of the striker, standing in his normal batting stance) will be
interpreted as a form of negative bowling and should be called “wide”.
However, a ball that passes down the leg side, but in between the striker and the leg stump, shall not be deemed a “wide” for the

There only two exceptions to this directive are as follows:
1. It is not a “wide” when the batsman moves across to the off stump from his original stance and the ball just misses the leg
stump. Had the batsman not moved towards the off stump but remained in his normal batting stance the ball would have
struck him, thereby negating any wide call.
2. Batsman attempts a reverse sweep or switch hit- AS PER OUR T16 we decide any ball legside(outside legs stump) is a wide unless the ball is passing over the legstump.

If the batsman brings the ball sufficiently within reach and the ball passes outside the wide “guideline” then it is not a
“wide”. For example, a batsman moving to the off side as the bowler bowls, could bring the ball within his reach and
even if he fails to make contact with the ball though the ball passes outside the “wide” guideline, the delivery will not be
called a wide.

When a right arm bowler is bowling around the wicket to a right hand batsman, or left arm bowler bowling around the
wicket to a LH batsman and bowls full yorkers on the off side just on the marked “guideline”; this is deemed a
negative tactic, and the delivery should be called “wide”. (these deliveries ARE to be called “wide” irrespective of where the batsman takes guard in front of the stumps)

C. Wides / Height
Height-wides to be judged as though the batsman is standing up at the crease.
Applying the ICC Playing Conditions Clause 42.6 - Fast short pitched balls in ODIs and T20Is:
Being a limited overs contest, the intention is to discourage the bowling of fast short pitched deliveries that pass above
the head of the batsman standing upright at the popping crease.
This type of bowling is considered a form of negative tactic –so the directive is to call “wide” for the marginal deliveries
in this category.
The umpire at the bowler’s end will be guided by the signal he receives from the square leg umpire. It is agreed that if
the umpire at the bowler’s end is in doubt as to the validity of the square leg umpire’s judgement, he must stick with his
partner’s signal and judgment

The only exception is when the square leg umpire is unsighted or does not provide a signal for whatever reason
and informs the umpire at the bowler’s end of such, through an agreed teamwork signal. The umpire at the bowler’s end must then rule.
It is suggested that the evidence of the following be considered by the square-leg umpire:
o Ball passing over head
o Keeper catching height
o Steepness of the ball’s path post bounce
o Gut feel or instinct
The umpire shall revoke the call of Wide ball if a delivery is called a No ball
Out from a Wide
When Wide ball has been called, neither batsman shall be out under any of the Laws except 35 (Hit wicket), 37 (Obstructing
the field), 38 (Run out) or 39 (Stumped).

Umpire not to give batsman out without an appeal
Neither umpire shall give a batsman out, even though he may be out under the Laws, unless appealed to by a fielder. This
shall not debar a batsman who is out under any of the Laws from leaving his wicket without an appeal having been made.
Note, however, the provisions of 7 below.

Timing of appeals
For an appeal to be valid, it must be made before the bowler begins his run up or, if he has no run up, his bowling action to
deliver the next ball, and before Time has been called.
The call of Over does not invalidate an appeal made prior to the start of the following over, provided Time has not been called. 

Consultation by umpires
Each umpire shall answer appeals on matters within his own jurisdiction. If an umpire is doubtful about any point that the
other umpire may have been in a better position to see, he shall consult the latter on this point of fact and shall then give
the decision. If, after consultation, there is still doubt remaining, the decision shall be Not out

Batsman leaving his wicket under a misapprehension 
An umpire shall intervene if satisfied that a batsman, not having been given out, has left his wicket under a
misapprehension that he is out. The umpire intervening shall call and signal Dead ball to prevent any further action by the
fielding side and shall recall the batsman

Umpire’s decision
An umpire may alter his decision provided that such alteration is made promptly. This apart, an umpire’s decision, once made, is final.

When out of his ground
a. A batsman shall be considered to be out of his ground unless his bat or some part of his person is grounded behind the popping crease at that end.
b. Notwithstanding (a) above, if a running batsman, having grounded some part of his foot behind the popping crease, continues running further towards the wicket at
that end and beyond, then any subsequent total loss of contact with the ground of both his person and his bat during his continuing forward momentum shall not be
interpreted as being out of his ground.

Hope this is not contradicting any rule we have. If one or two question we can discuss in the morning before we all umpire for the matches.


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